The lean and thin man we met in the garden…

The lean and thin man we met in the garden…

While returning from our intern rounds we met this lean and thin man who was out in the garden for some fresh air. He didn’t look like a patient but he was quite uncomfortable because of weather out there. We inquired if he was admitted to the hospital. He...

Elbow Joint

Elbow joint is a Hinge joint formed by the articulation of the Ulna and Radius, and Humerus. Full extension is equal to 0 degrees, full flexion to ~ 150 degrees. Maximum supination (turning hand palm up) and pronation (palm down) are both 90 degrees. Elbow joint...

Hip joint

The hip is a ball and socket type of joint, formed by the articulation of the head of the femur with the pelvis. Normal range of motion includes: Abduction 45 degrees, Adduction 20-30 degrees, Flexion 135 degrees, Extension 30 degrees, Internal and external rotation....

Shoulder joint

Shoulder Joint  The most daunting aspect of the shoulder exam is appreciating the functional anatomy of this incredibly mobile joint. The primary benefit of the ball and socket arrangement is that it allows the hand to be positioned precisely in space, maximizing our...
Knee joint

Knee joint

The Knee joint Examination Make sure that both knees are fully exposed. The patient should be wear either a gown or shorts (Rolled up pants do not provide good exposure). Ask the patient to walk. Observe if they limp or appear to be in pain? When standing, is there...
Joint Deformities

Joint Deformities

Joint related complaints are rather common, and understanding anatomy and physiology of both normal function and pathological conditions is critically important when evaluating the symptomatic patient. Here is detailed descriptions of the shoulder, knee, and low back...
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